Mansart, Jules Hardouin

Hotel des Invalides

Hotel des Invalides, Paris France

Jules Hardouin Mansart, (1646–1708), French architect. He studied under his great-uncle François Mansart and under Libéral Bruant. Favored by Louis XIV, he was ennobled and in 1699 made chief architect for the royal buildings. After enlarging the royal château of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, he undertook work at the palace of Versailles, where among his accomplishments are the impressive Galérie des Glaces (decorated by Le Brun), the Grand Trianon, the palace chapel, and the vast orangery. As town planner he designed in Paris the Place des Victoires (1684–86) and the superb Place Vendôme (1699). The impressive Dôme des Invalides (1706) in Paris is considered his most splendid achievement; it was added as a second church to the one constructed by Bruant and brought the scheme of the Hôtel des Invalides to completion. Much of Mansart's work was executed in the massive Roman baroque style, but some of his designs at Versailles point toward the lightness and elegance of the rococo.

Hotel des Invalides, Paris,

      Church of Saint-Louis (1676-79) was built by Mansart after the design by Libéral Bruant, the architect of the Hôtel des Invalides. The church, then known as the pensioners' Choir but later referred to as the Soldiers' church was opened for the soldiers in 1679. 

      Dome des Invalides (1679-1708) the church is connected directly with the Royal chapel, better knownas the Dôme des Invalides. This chapel with a 351 ft high (one of the tallest monuments in Paris) gold-dome was for exclusive use of the royal family. It was centrally placed in order to dominate the court of honor - one of fifteen courtyards at the complex, designed for military parades. Inspired by Rome's St. Peter's Basilica, this chapel, known as Église du Dôme, is considered one of the world's most exciting examples of French Baroque architecture. 

Plans to bury the remains of the Royal Family here were set aside after the death of king Louis XIV, and in 1840 king Louis-Philippe repatriated the remains of the Emperor Napoleon from st. Helena - where he was buried after his death 19 years earlier - to have Napoleon entombed here. 

Major Architectural Work:




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